What are Sensitive Teeth | Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments?

What are Sensitive Teeth | Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments?


Do you feel a slight tinge while eating/drinking something? Does chewing make you uncomfortable?

It might be the case of sensitivity!

What is Sensitivity?

Sensitivity is when you experience sharp pain in your teeth while eating or drinking something at a slightly higher/older temperature.

You can even experience pain while breathing through your mouth or even when brushing your teeth. These indicate sensitivity.

Sensitivity is also known as dentin hypersensitivity. Dentin is the layer of tissues containing tiny canals underneath the hard covering called enamel.

Under some circumstances, the tooth enamel erodes and exposes the dentin to the open air.

If pain in your teeth prevails for more than that, it is time to visit the best dental clinic near you.

Sensitivity is nothing more than an exaggerated response of the nerves to the stimuli.

But what causes sensitivity? How can you detect if you have sensitivity? And how can you prevent sensitivity?

Continue to get answers to all your questions.

Causes of Sensitivity

Sensitivity is caused by two predominant factors- Enamel loss and Gum recession.

Enamel loss

Sensitivity is common in people who have a thin enamel layer. There is a higher possibility of enamel erosion in this case.

Some other factors of enamel erosion include:

  • Vigorous brushing

Exerting too much force while brushing breaks down the enamel. This results in swollen and red gums.

Excessive force might even lead to bleeding gums. However, there is a possibility that you might be using gentle strokes. Nonetheless, it won’t matter if you are using a hard bristle toothbrush.

  • Acid Erosion

Acid erosion occurs in gastroesophageal reflux. The acid from the stomach would reach the oesophagus and up to the mouth. The acid erodes the enamel of the teeth over time.

This enamel erodes quickly in people experiencing frequent vomiting.

  • Tooth grinding

Grinding the teeth unnecessarily leads to enamel erosion. Although the rate of erosion is less, it exposes the dentin layer.

Gum Recession

With age or some accident, the gum tissue deteriorates. This exposes the tooth roots. The exposed roots make the teeth vulnerable to cavities.

If you have a worse case of cavities, contact the best dentist for a root canal.

People with the periodontal disease commonly suffer from gum recession. 88% of people over the age of 65 endure gum recession.

  • Gum Disease

Inflamed gum tissues are the main cause of tooth loss. The gum tissues weaken with time. It further is not able to hold the tooth.

Gum diseases also arise due to hormonal fluctuation.

  • Abnormal Tooth Positioning

The abnormal tooth positioning leads to unnecessary grinding of teeth.

  • Smoking/Chewing Tobacco

Smoking not only corrodes the enamel but also leads to oral cancer.

  • Dental Plaque

The bacteria attack on the teeth causes cavities, gum recession, and other dental problems.

Dental plaque forms when the teeth are not properly cleaned.

Symptoms of Sensitive Teeth

  • Sensitivity to temperature variations
  • A twinge in the teeth and gums when eating hot/cold foods
  • Pain during brushing/flossing
  • Sensitivity when eating acidic foods
  • Bad breath
  • Changes in taste
  • Jaw pain
  • Sinus pain

Treatment of Tooth Sensitivity

  • Desensitising Toothpaste

Toothpaste in general contains irritating ingredients like triclosan, parabens, saccharin, propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulphate, and artificial colours.

The desensitising toothpaste is free from any such ingredients.

  • Oral Hygiene Routine

It is crucial to maintain proper oral hygiene for the long-term effects. Doctors recommend brushing twice daily and flossing at least once.

Use a soft bristle toothbrush and gentle vertical strokes on the teeth. Avoid eating acidic food/beverages.

Fun Fact- Drinking appropriate amounts of water helps balance the pH level of the mouth.

Summing Up

If you experience continuous pain and twinge while eating anything, visit the nearest dental clinic. And try to maintain your oral health to avoid sensitive teeth. Sharma Dental Clinic is the best dental clinic in Ludhiana. Customer satisfaction and oral health is our priority. Our expert and experienced dentists provide the best services.

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